Chinese discount e-commerce site Pinduoduo Inc. is moving into online health care sales, following similar moves by Amazon.com Inc. and Alibaba Group Holding Ltd.
Pinduoduo has been on a hiring spree of employees who have an online pharmacy background, according to Chinese media reports, and the company now features a “health care” section at the bottom of its search pages, which offers nutritional supplements, herbal medicines, condoms, and contact lenses.
Pinduoduo made a strong debut on the Nasdaq Stock Market in July, but soon after faced accusations of selling fake goods. Its stock price has fluctuated in the months since and recently fell below its initial public offering level. The company has reportedly been looking for new business avenues to improve its brand.
Pinduoduo told financial news outlet Caixin that its “health care” product section isn’t new, but that it only provides items from certified “third-party” merchants. China requires online platforms to hold a special certificate to sell over-the-counter medicines to consumers. Many e-commerce giants, including Alibaba and JD.com Inc., have secured such a qualification through acquisitions; Pinduoduo has not.
However, Caixin found certain products in Pinduoduo’s health care section — for instance, creams that claimed to treat skin diseases — that hadn’t been granted certification and that also weren’t offered by certified third-party pharmacies.
Screenshots show health products sold on Pinduoduo’s mobile app.
After years competing in traditional online shopping, established e-commerce platforms have ventured into new areas, including consumer drug sales. Alibaba and JD.com ventured into the sector in 2011, and control more than half of the China market. In June, Amazon.com purchased online pharmacy PillPack.
The size of China’s general health and wellness market was $1.5 trillion in 2017 and is expected to reach $2.6 trillion in 2022, with an annual growth rate of 12.1 percent, according to consultancy Frost & Sullivan. Alongside this growth, the market has shifted from a hospital-centered model to a consumer-focused one.
Government policies are part of the driver. Last year, China began telling public hospitals that drug sales could account for no more than 30 percent of their overall revenue, paving the way for a boom in independent drugstores.
But the online pharmacy space hasn’t been especially profitable. Alibaba Health Information Technology Ltd. has not yet turned a profit, nor has Ping An Healthcare and Technology Co. Ltd. — both major players in the field. The platform 111 Inc., which listed on the Nasdaq in September, lost $19 million in the first half of 2018, 5 percent more than it did the year before.
Given the swift increases in disposable incomes, there is huge opportunity for online pharmacies in China, according to Li Junguo, deputy general manager of health care information provider Sinohealth.
This is an original article written by Wang Luyao and Coco Feng of Caixin Global, and has been republished with permission. The article can be found on Caixin’s website here.
(Header image: A user accesses Pinduoduo’s mobile app in Beijing, Feb. 26, 208. VCG)