Shares in Shenzhen-listed Beijing Dabeinong Technology Group Co. Ltd. surged to a five-month high on Wednesday after the agriculture giant said the Chinese government had issued biosafety certificates for two strains of its genetically modified (GM) corn and soybeans.
The announcement added to indications that China is pushing to expand the use of controversial GM crops after it approved two GM corn varieties from Bayer AG and Syngenta AG for import on Monday.
Dabeinong said in a Tuesday stock exchange filing that the strains had been certified as safe for production and use by the agriculture ministry, and had entered a period of public consultation.
The company’s Shenzhen shares briefly jumped 5.6% to 11.87 yuan ($1.84) late Wednesday morning before closing up 2.4% at 11.51 yuan, their highest since August last year.
China’s Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs granted cultivation approval to Dabeinong’s insect-resistant DBN9501 corn strain and herbicide-resistant DBN9004 soybean variety in several key production areas for five years starting from Dec. 29 last year, the company said.
The animal feed producer added that its first-generation GM corn strain “has now won legal biosafety approval across the entire country.”
The development comes as China looks to further the commercialization of GM crops after corn imports reached a record high amid surging demand for animal feed. On Monday, the ministry published a list showing it had approved the importation of Bayer’s and Syngenta’s insect-resistant, herbicide-tolerant corn strains for the aforementioned period.
China granted approval for its first GM crop strains in 10 years at the end of 2019. They included two corn strains — one developed by Dabeinong, the other co-developed by Hangzhou Ruifeng Biotech Co. Ltd. and Zhejiang University — and a soybean variety developed by Shanghai Jiao Tong University.
Senior Chinese officials have hinted in recent weeks that the country is readying to unleash GM and other technologies on the farming sector to ease food security concerns.
National leaders agreed at a key economic conference last month to “resolve seed and arable land issues” by the end of 2021 through “respect for science,” a phrase widely viewed as an implicit show of support for the commercialization of GM crops.
Earlier this month, agriculture chief Tang Renjian told the state-run Xinhua News Agency that China must “fight hard to turn around” its seed sector to chase down industry-leading developed economies and resolve “stranglehold problems.”
In a nod to food self-sufficiency, he said: “Chinese bowls must be filled with Chinese grains, and Chinese grains must be grown from Chinese seeds.”
Previously, Zhang Wen, an inspector with the ministry’s science and technology education office, said new technologies are the “basic way” to ensure that China’s 1.4 billion people have enough food to eat while “raising the quality, efficiency, and competitiveness of agricultural products.”
Chinese leaders have long had to weigh their support for GM crops against a public that appears to view the technology with suspicion.
Four in 10 consumers in China oppose GM foods compared with slightly more than one in 10 who support them, according to a survey of 2,000 people published in the peer-reviewed journal Nature in 2018.
China is the world’s largest food importer, partly a function of containing around 20% of the global population. However, only about 7% of its land is arable.
This is an original article written by Matthew Walsh of Caixin Global, and has been republished with permission. The article can be found on Caixin’s website here.
(Header image: People Visual)